Organs-on-chips with integrated electrodes for trans-epithelial electrical resistance (TEER) measurements of human epithelial barrier function

Published in: Lab on a Chip

Trans-epithelial electrical resistance (TEER) is broadly used as an experimental readout and a quality control assay for measuring the integrity of epithelial monolayers cultured under static conditions in vitro, however, there is no standard methodology for its application to microfluidic organ-on-a-chip (organ chip) cultures. Here, we describe a new microfluidic organ chip design that contains embedded electrodes, and we dem- onstrate its utility for assessing formation and disruption of barrier function both within a human lung air- way chip lined by a fully differentiated mucociliary human airway epithelium and in a human gut chip lined by intestinal epithelial cells. These chips with integrated electrodes enable real-time, non-invasive monitor- ing of TEER and can be applied to measure barrier function in virtually any type of cultured cell.